When walking, your heels repeatedly hit the ground with considerable force. They have to be able to absorb the impact and provide a firm support for the weight of the body.
When pain develops in the heel, it can be very disabling, making every step a problem, affecting your posture. There are various types of heel pain. Some of the most common are: heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, heel bursitis and heel bumps.
Heel Bursitis: pain can be felt at the back of the heel when the ankle joint is moved and there may be a swelling on both sides of the Achilles tendon. Or you may feel pain deep inside the heel when it makes contact with the ground.
Heel Bumps: recognised as firm bumps on the back of the heel , they are often rubbed by shoes causing pain.
If pain from heel spurs continues, you may be referred to your GP who can prescribe an oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory. Alternatively, localised hydrocortisone injection treatment may be given by your GP or an appropriate chiropodist/podiatrist. If pain persists, surgery may be considered.
Heel Bursitis: in most cases, attention to the cause of any rubbing, and appropriate padding and strapping by your Podiatrist will allow the inflammation to settle. If infection is present, your Podiatrist will refer you to your GP for antibiotics.
Heel Bumps: adjustments to footwear, is often enough to make them comfortable. Padding and cushioning may help. It may be necessary to wear a different style of footwear. If pain persists, surgery may be necessary.